Actaea pachypoda or baneberry is a small ball type plant native to North American forests. It is also called as doll’s eye because of it’s special shaped fruits. The 60 cm average high plant only have few leafs, it’s red thick stems also seems to be very attractive.
The fruits of white baneberry are toxic in nature.
The flowers of white baneberry is very small in nature, measures 6mm in size.
It is generally known as euphorbia obesa native to South Africa. Interestingly this plant have exactly same shape as that of a baseball.It is an unbranched plant with average height of 20 cm. This special special species of plant is protected by national nature conservation as it is very rare in nature.
Male and female flowers of euphorbia obesa will grows on different plants.
Baseball plants are quite toxic, will makes severe changes to skin.
Hydnellum peckii is a special type of fungi that produce blood or juice like fluid on syurface. It is also known as bleeding tooth fungus native to North America. It is edible to humans but the the blood like fluid is extremely bitter in taste.
Scarlet pigment is one which causes blood like color for the fluid.
Hydnellum peckii have an unpleasant odor, stem have different sizes.
The color of fluids that produce from body of Hydnellum peckii can varies as orange or pink.
Welwitschia Mirabilis is a unique plant species that can only seen in the desert of Namibia. This special plant species have a long life span of 1500 years. It can survive from many weather threats. Interestingly Welwitschia only have two leaves that grows continuously over time.
Unlike other species of plants Welwitschia’s apical growth of stems sops at very starting stage of growth.
Have separate male and female Welwitschia plants.
Lithop can be simply described as living stones, a plant that exactly look like stones or pebbles. In fact this unique shape is causes by the merging of two separate leaves at outer edges. This extremely special plant species mainly found in South Africa.
Lithops can be found in various colors like white, grey, pink and purple.
Lithops can lives for over 50 years, have found in different types.
Mimosa pudica also known as sensitive plant or shy plant that is originally grew up in South America. But mimosa pudica can be seen around the globe in shady areas. The most attractive element in mimosa pudica is nothing but it’s leaves fold up at night as wells as by touch. The primitive nervous system within this plant which balance flow of water from beneath of leaves which causes this sensitive nature.
Mimosa pudica can be used as a herb and it have long life span.
The stem of mimosa pudica will grow up to a height of 5 feet.
Corpse flower is generally known as titan arum, which is the largest branched main stem concern flowering plant in the world. Corpse flower is endemic to Sumatra. This plant will grow up to 8.2 feet from the ground. It also produces small of decomposing animal.
Corpse flowering a a very rarely blooming flowers, only happens in every 40 years.
It is the smelliest and largest flower in the world.
Corpse flowers are protected by law as it is very rare.
Rafflesia arnoldii is the biggestt individual flower in the world of plants, smaller than corpse flower by considering some facts. It is mainly found in forests of Sumatra. Rafflesia will grew up to a size of three feet. Like corpse flower it have an unpleasant irritating smell.
Rafflesia arnoldii will gifts full blossom period of 7 days.
Rafflesia arnoldii is unisexual, have both male and female reproduction system.
It appears as deep reddish with white marks.
Venus flytrap also known as dionaea muscipula is a carnivorous plant, means it consumes small insects and animals as food. Venus flytraps plant can be found in east part of Carolia, especially in wet lands. Venus flytrap have special lobes to trap the prey animals.
The lobes of venus flytrap close within a second once insects comes in close to the plant.
This plant will digest the insects within time span if 10 days.
The leaves venus flytrap found in open wide, to catch the preys.
Picther plant is another type of carnivorous plant just like venus flytrap native to South East Asia. The plant have an attractive deep red color. The special attractive smell of pitcher plants help it o easily catch the preys, includes insects and small animals. Interestingly some species of pitcher plants have power to consume small mice.
The deep cavity that filled with special fluid help to catch the preys.
Have most mysterious leaf structure and enriches by special digestive enzymes.
Credit of images : Flickr
Skunk Cabbage is a huge, foul smelling North American member of the Aurum family. Native to swamps, the odor of the plant is often mistaken for an irate skunk until the huge golden or purplish flowers are seen emerging from the leaves. The appearance of the plant is like an alien artifact. Although certain parts of the Skunk Cabbage were found to be edible by Native Americans, it should be known that death from severe calcium oxalate poisoning may result from consuming the wrong parts in excessive quantities. The calcium oxalate is an extremely corrosive toxin that burns into the flesh, and may shut down organ systems. The author misunderstood a gardening book and tried a flowerhead. The result was extreme burning of the mouth and throat, serious illness for several hours, and two days of difficult swallowing.
Buttercup is by far the most innocent looking plant on this list. It is also one of the most ubiquitous, and among the more deadly garden plants. Buttercup commonly grows in grassy patches with poor drainage, and may frequently be found by children who use it in games that involve touching it to the skin. The goal is to experience a momentary red mark on the skin, as the brilliant yellow flowers release a toxin induces temporary rash symptoms. Buttercup is far more dangerous, however. The plant is capable of poisoning grazing animals that eat it, causing serious gastrointestinal toxicity. Ingestion by humans may result in a painful death resulting from organ and nervous system intoxication. Beauty is clearly in the eye of the beholder, not the handler of this killer flower.
Giant Hogweed is truly the plant of nightmares. While many plants are toxic by ingestion, Giant Hogweed causes horrendous damage to humans just by mere skin contact. Looking like an emergence from an alien planet, the Giant Hogweed can only destroy a human through cooperation with an extra-terrestrial body—our Sun. Giant Hogweed is photosensitive, and oozes a thick sap that coats human skin upon contact. Almost immediately, the sap reacts with the sun and starts a chemical reaction that burns through the skin and tissues, leading to necrosis and the formation of massive, purple lesions that incredibly, may last for several years. Even more terrifying is the potential of a minute amount of sap to cause permanent blindness upon eye contact. Giant Hogweed plants grow up to 8 feet tall, and have become a priority emergency target for noxious plant control departments. Pigs, however, are immune.
In the shire like Oak woodlands of Western North America, edible bulbs known as Camas plants dot the meadows with their bright flowers. First Nations actively cultivated the fields through scheduled burning, producing the potato-like food as a principle source of starch. However, a closely related species exists that looks similar to edible Camas. With a name likeToxicoscordion venenosum, it is immediately clear that this is one of the most toxic plants in existence. The Death Camas from edible camas can be distinguished by its moderately different coloration, and distinction is a matter of survival should one be persuaded to try Camas. Ingestion in anything but the smallest amounts results in rapid death through organ failure and blood disturbance. We can only imagine how the Death Camas was discovered.
The spectacular Angel Trumpet vine is native to the forests of South America, and delivers a dark triad of potent toxins—atropine, hyoscyamine, and the mind altering scopolamine. Unlike the other plants on this list, Angel Trumpet is less dangerous in of itself, than as a biological weapon in the hands of humans. In 2007, Angel Trumpet was featured in the documentary “Colombian Devil’s Breath,” for its use by criminal gang members who refined scopolamine from the ethereal looking weed and used it to turn victims into zombies – literally. This “hypnotizing herb” leaves its victims unaware of the nature of their actions, but still completely conscious. The documentary contained numerous horror stories of scopolamine attacks, including one eerie case where a man had scopolamine powder thrown in his face, and promptly emptied his entire apartment into the van of the robbers. Voluntary experimenters have seriously injured themselves in their psychotic state.
Himalayan Blackberry is one plant you don’t want to tangle with—literally. A briar on steroids, one plant can cover half an acre with treacherous slashers. Unlike normal blackberries, each stalk measures up to 2 inches across, and is covered with inch long thorns that extend like sharks teeth. While brambles might give you a scratch, an encounter with Himalayan Blackberries may warrant a visit to the emergency room. Slashes from even casual stumbles into the innocent looking plants may result in serious eye injuries and blood loss from damaged veins and arteries. Many accidents result when hikers trip in a gully infested with the hazardous spikes. Extreme protective wear including shatter proof safety goggles are favored by hazard management crews. The spiked canes are placed under tension as they tangle together, and upon disturbance, may fly back, acting as a mace capable of slashing eyes.
The Australian Gympie-Gympie tree distinguishes itself as the world’s most dangerous tree, and the most painful of all stinging plants trees. The Gympie-Gympie’s excruciating pain has been described as being sprayed with hot acid, and has driven those affected to suicide. In one disturbing case, a man shot himself after mistakenly using the leaf as toilet paper in the bush. The terrifying tree contains one of the most persistent toxins known to man, and burning sensations may continue up to two years after being stung. This may be due to poison retention inside the venomous needles injected upon contact. One researcher discovered that the poison remains viable for up to 20 years. Anaphylactic shock may be induced in even healthy persons, leading Australian forestry departments to issue hazmat grade suits to bush workers in affected areas.
The New Zealand Tree Nettle is one of only two plants in the world that has killed a human just by the unfortunate act of walking into it. The monster plant is an enormous and super toxic tree version of the common stinging nettle, and may grow up to 15 feet tall. The well camouflaged plant is armed with unusually large needles that deliver a potentially lethal and also corrosive neurotoxin upon the slightest contact. Great caution when hiking is critical to preventing deaths. In one tragic documented case, a New Zealand Hunter was killed after brushing one of these terror nettles, causing nervous system shutdown through the acute venom effects. If death does not occur right away, potentially deadly polyneuropathy, a degenerative breakdown of nervous system pathways may occur over time.
While Giant Hogweed scares with its alien appearance, we look at an unassuming plant with small, glossy leaves that may be commonly found in ornamental gardens and public grounds. Spurge Laurel is closely related to the Bay Leaf, but this woody mini-shrub offers one of the dreadful deaths in the Plant Kingdom. Containing powerful biocides, Spurge Laurel will cause blistering and irritation if cut or handled carelessly, but it is internally that it wreaks its havoc. Consumption of even a couple berries will result in major internal bleeding and organ failure, with death imminent within several hours. Interestingly, some tribes have used Spurge Laurel as a drug of last resort for seriously infected patients, but the cure may be worse than the disease. Wild Greenfinches can eat it without suffering any harm.
The Red Tide is a terrifying phenomenon that haunts the Earth’s coastlines. At certain times of year, the waters may turn a rust color as thousands of tiny seaweeds known as (Algera pelagius) multiply after mysterious influxes of nutrients, often in combination with temperature changes. The algae is rapidly absorbed by shellfish, and is extremely neurotoxic. The highly lethal bloom may rapidly paralysis limbs, and even worse, it anesthetizes the respiratory pathways upon exposure through contaminated shellfish. The Red Tide is considered to be the basis of the Biblical Plague where the waters turned to blood, and was noted to have caused the death of one of Captain George Vancouver’s crew upon the navigation of Western Canada. States and provinces have been closed to harvesting as a result of “paralytic shellfish poisoning” threats. In addition to human victims, entire beaches have been covered dead seabirds and ducks that were exposed to the toxic algae. Red Tide just might explain some of the mysterious animal deaths noted on a recent list.
|1 – A planta mais resistente do mundo
Ela pode não ser nem de perto a planta mais bonita do mundo, mas a Welwitschia mirabilis é certamente a mais resistente. Comum na Namíbia, essa planta ao invés de ganhar altura deixa seu caule engrossar. Com vida útil de 400 a 1,5 mil anos, ela pode sobreviver até incríveis cinco anos sem chuva.
Créditos: Matejh photography / Thinkstock
2 – A Vênus carnívora
A Dionaea muscipula é conhecida como a “Vênus carnívora”. Ela é a mais famosa entre as plantas carnívoras e você provavelmente já a viu em algum desenho animado por aí. Ela come pequenos insetos, desde formigas até aracnídeos e sua armadilha é bastante veloz, fechando em menos de um segundo.
Créditos: Nutoeizuza / Thinkstock
3 – A flor mais larga do mundo
A Rafflesia arnoldii é a flor mais larga do mundo, além de ser uma das mais exóticas e raras. Ela pode ter um metro de diâmetro e pesar de 6 a 11 Kg.
Apesar de parecer linda, você não vai querê-la em seu jardim. Ela exala um odor fétido semelhante ao de carne podre. Por isso, recebe o apelido de “planta cadáver” na Indonésia, seu país de origem.
Créditos: catshiles / Thinkstock
4 – A planta da vergonha
A mimosa pudica é conhecida como a “planta da vergonha”, porque ela parece tímida. Quando suas folhas são tocadas, elas se dobram para dentro, e voltam a abrir-se alguns minutos depois.
A espécie é nativa do Brasil e pode ser encontrada em toda a América do Sul e Central.
Créditos: dolnikow / Thinkstock
5 – A planta da ressurreição
A Elaginella lepidophylla é uma das plantas mais fantásticas do mundo. Ela habita no deserto da Chihuahua e pode ficar centenas de anos esperando por uma boa chuva. Assim que é exposta à umidade, ela “renasce” e se desenrola. As gotas que caem da chuva espalham suas sementes para a reprodução.
6 – A maior carnívora do mundo
Fique tranquilo, a maior planta carnívora do mundo não é capaz de meter medo em nenhum humano. A Nephentes rajah chega a meio metro de altura e devora moscas com bastante apetite. Essas plantas vivem nas úmidas florestas da ilha de Bornéu, na Ásia.
Créditos: hakuna_jina / Thinkstock
7 – A maior árvore do mundo
As sequoia-gigantes são as maiores árvore do planeta. Uma delas, conhecida pelo apelido de General Sherman, está registrada no livro dos recordes como a de maior volume. Ela foi encontrada na Califórnia, nos Estados Unidos, medindo 82,6 metros de altura, 1.814 toneladas e 25,9 metros de diâmetro. Sua idade estimada é de 2.100 anos.
Para se ter ideia do seu volume absurdo, com sua madeira, seria possível produzir cerca de 5 bilhões de fósforos.
Créditos: demerzel21 / Thinkstock
8 – A árvore que parece que saiu de um filme
Em português, esta árvore é conhecida como “dragoeiro”, mas seu nome em inglês é bem mais divertido: Dragon’s Blood Tree (Árvore de Sangue de Dragão).
Assim como o nome, sua aparência também parece ter saído de um filme de ficção na era medieval. Seu nome se deve à cor da sua seiva, que depois de oxidada por exposição ao ar, forma uma substância de cor avermelhada, comercializada na Europa com o nome de sangue-de-dragão.
Créditos: javarman3 / Thinkstock
9 – A planta que cresce mais rápido
Se você quer plantar algo que cresce bem rápido, tente essa espécie de bambu chamada Phyllostachys edulis. Ela pode crescer até 1,12 metros em um único dia.
O segredo do crescimento do bambu é que ele não cresce apenas nas pontas, como a maioria dos vegetais. O bambu estica entre um gomo e outro, acelerando seu processo de crescimento.
Créditos: Auscape / Getty Images
10 – A árvore mais gorda
O Cipreste-mexicano conhecido como Árvore de Santa Maria Del Tule, localizada em Oaxaca, no México, é a planta mais gordinha do planeta. Seu tronco tem 58 metros de circunferência e 14 metros de diâmetro. Com altura de 42 m, o seu volume fica em torno de 817m3 e o peso em 636 toneladas.
Créditos: Eye Ubiquitous / Getty Images